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商用英文丨办公室必备单字!五大类学起来(2)

喬的英文筆記 2017-11-23 06:17:31


今天带来了商用英文第二篇,这篇文章对于白(ban)领(gong)一(shi)族(gou)以及正在准备履历的同鞋们相当有帮助!乔的英文笔记这期准备了(3) 技术(Technical Skills)、(4) 研究(Research)、(5) 财务/金融/理财 (Financial Skills) 三大类的实用英文,(1) 管理(Management)、(2) 沟通(Communication) 两大类可至文末点选“阅读原文”查看,赶紧学起来吧!


技术 Technique

本篇文章主要着重于【技术(technique)】相关之英文动词整理,这部分在英文履历(resumé)是非常有用的,希望可帮助各位。




assemble (V.) 集合; 聚集; 收集

e.g. to assemble data

收集资料

 

build (V.) 建立; 发展; 开辟

e.g. to build an E-commerce system

建立一个电子商务系统

 

calculate (V.) 计算; 算

e.g. The cost of the damage caused by the recent storms has been calculatedat over $5 million.

根据计算,近日的风暴造成的损失超过五百万美元

 

compute (V.) (用机器) 计算

- to calculate an answer or amount by using a machine

e.g. Compute the ratio of the object's weight to its height.

计算该物体的重量与高度的比


design (V.) 设计; 制(图)

- to make or draw plans for something, for example clothes or buildings

e.g. Who designed this system?

是谁设计了这套系统呢?


devise (V.) 巧妙构思; 设计; 发明

- to invent a plan, system, object, etc., usually cleverly or using imagination

e.g. Max is good at devising programming games that allow kids to learn the

basic concept of coding.

麦克斯很擅长设计让孩子们理解写程式基本概念的程设游戏

 

maintain (V.) 保持; 维持

- to continue to have; to keep in existence, or not allow to become less

e.g. The army has been brought in to maintain order in the region.

军队已经调配到这个地区来维持秩序

 

solve (V.) 思索; 思考

- to find answer to a problem

e.g. to solve a program  

解决问题 

e.g. to solve a mystery / puzzle

揭开秘密/谜底


upgrade (V.) 使(机器、电脑程式)升级; 提升; 提拔(某人)

- to improve the quality or usefulness of something, such as a machine or a computer program, or give a person a more important job or state that their job is more important than it was in the past

e.g. Please upgrade the software.

请升级这套软体

  

operate (V.) (使)工作; (使)运行; 运作; 操作; 起作用

- to (cause to) work, be in action or have an effect

e.g. Does the company operate a pension scheme?

这家公司有实行退休制度吗?

 

remodel (V.) 重新塑造; 再次建模

- to give a new shape or form to something

e.g. We have completely remodeled the kitchen.

我们已经重新塑造了厨房

 

repair (V.) 修理; 修补; 修复; 整修

- to put something that is damaged, broken or not working correctly, back into good condition or make it work again

e.g. to repair the road

修路

e.g. to repair a roof

修屋顶

 

研究 Research

本篇文章主要着重于【研究(research)】相关之英文动词整理,这部分在英文履历(resumé)是非常有用的,希望可帮助各位。



 

inspect (V.) (1) 检查; 审视; (2) 检阅; 视察

(1) to look at something or someone carefully in order to discover information, especially about their quality or condition 

e.g. After the crashboth drivers got out and inspected their car for damage.

撞车后,两辆车的司机都检查各自的车有无损坏

 

(2) to officially visit a page or a group of people in order to check that everything is correct and legal

e.g. An official from the Department of Legislation will be inspecting the agency this afternoon.

下午立法部的一名官员要来视察这个机构


interpret (V.) 理解; 解释; 阐释

- to decide what is the intended meaning of something

e.g. It is difficult to interpret these figures without knowing how the experimentwas conducted.

如果不知道这实验室如何被执行的,是很难了解这些数字的。

 

investigate (V.) (尤其是揭开真相) 调查; 审查

- to examine a crime, problem, statement, etc. carefully, especially to discover

the truth

e.g. Police are investigating allegations of corruption involving senior executives.

警方正在调查对高级管理人员涉嫌贪污的指控

 

organize (V.) 安排; 组织; 筹划

- to make arrangements for something to happen

e.g. They organized a meeting between the teachers and students.

他们组织了一次师生会议

 

review (V.) 审查; 仔细审阅

- to consider something in order to make changes to it, give an opinion on it or study it

e.g. The committee is reviewing the current arrangement.

委员会正在审查目前的安排

 

summarize (V.) 总结; 概述; 概括

- to express the most important facts or ideas about something or someone in a short and clear form

e.g. I will just summarize the main points of the argument in a few words.

我会用几句话把争论的要点概括

 

evaluate (V.) 评估; 评价; 估值

- to judge or calculate the quality, importance, amount or value of something

e.g. It is impossible to evaluate these results without understanding how the experiment was conducted.

如果不理解这个实验是怎么被执行的,评估这些结果是不可能的


examine (V.) (仔细地)检查; 审查; 调查

- to look at or consider a person or thing carefully and in detail in order to discover something about them

e.g. The research examined the effects of alcohol on short-term memory.

这项研究探讨了酒精对短期记忆的影响

 

extract (V.) 取出; 拔出; 提取

- to remove or take out something

e.g. Max extracted iron ore here 5 months ago.

麦克思五个月前在这开采铁矿

 

systematize (V.) 使系统化; 使条理化

- to plan a system for something

 

clarify (V.) 澄清; 阐明; 使更清晰易懂

- to make something clear or easier to understand by giving more details or asimpler explanation

e.g. The position of all stockholders will be clarified tomorrow.

所有股东的立场明天机会清晰明了

 

collect (V.) (使)聚集/集合/集中

- to bring or come together from different places or over a period of time

e.g. Caroline is collecting money for the homeless.

凯瑞兰正在为无家可归者募款

 

identify (V.) 确认; 发现

- to recognize aproblem, need, fact, etc. and to show that it exists

e.g. The research will be used to identify the needs.

这项研究会被使用来确认需求

 

财务/金融/理财

Financial Skills

本篇文章主要着重于【财务/金融/理财(financial skills)】相关之英文动词整理,这部分在英文履历(resumé)是非常有用的,希望可帮助各位。



 

plan (V.) 设计; 规划

- to design a building or structure

e.g. The people who planned Britain's new towns has a vision of clean modern housing for everyone.

英国新城镇的设计人希望位所有人提供整洁的现代居所


project (V.) 预计, 推算

- to calculate an amount or number expected in the future from information already known

e.g. Spending is projected to rise by 3% next season.

下一季的支出预计将会增加3%


* be projected to + VR 预计会..


research (V.) 研究; 调查; 探索

- to study a subject thoroughly, especially in order to discover information or reach an understanding

e.g. Caroline is researching into possible solutions to the financial issue.

凯瑞兰正在对一些对于财务议题的可能解决方式

 

* research into + Ving/ N. ..进行研究


calculate (V.) 算; 计算

- to judge the number or amount of something by using the information that you already have, and adding, multiplying, subtracting or dividing numbers

e.g. The cost of the damage caused by the recent storms has been calculated at exceedingly $10 million.

根据计算,最近风暴所造成的损失已经超过一千万美元


* storm (n.) [C] (金融)风暴


compute (V.) (用机器)计算

- to calculate an answer or amount by using a machine

e.g. Compute the ratio of women's height to her weight.

计算女子们身高与体重比例


* the ratio of A to B 比例(A:B)


develop (V.) (使)发展; (使)发育; (使)成长

- to (cause something to) grow or change into a more advanced, larger or stronger form

e.g. Their friendship developed into a lasting one overtime.

随着时间过去,他们的友谊越来越巩固


* develop into + N. 发展成...


e.g. The campaign is designed to encourage staff to come up with marketing strategies.

这项活动是被设计来促进员工思考出行销策略

 

* come up with + N./ Ving 想出(方法/策略)


forecast (V.) (尤其针对特定形势或天气的)预测;预报

- a statement of what is judged likely to happen in the future, especially in connection with a particular situation, or the expected weather conditions

 e.g. economic forecast(s)

经济预测


allocate (V.) 分配; 分派; 拨给; 划拨

- to give something to someone as their share of a total amount, for them to use in a particular way

e.g. The government is allocating $10 million for specialeducation.

政府播出1000万美金作为特殊教育经费

e.g. It is not the responsibility of the investigatingcommittee to allocate blame

for the disaster to people.

调查委员会的责任不是确定哪些人该为这灾难负责


analyze (V.) 分析

- to study or examine something in detail, in order todiscover more about it

e.g. Researchers analyzed the purchases of 1000 households.

研究员对1000家庭的购物消费作了分析


appraise (V.) 评价; 鉴定; 估价; 评价

- to examine someone or something in order to judge their qualities, success

or needs

e.g. to appraise a performance

评估一场表现

e.g. In co-operation with other professionals, social workers will appraise the

individual's needs.

社会工作者央会与其他专业人士合作,对个体的需求作出评估


audit (V.) 查...的帐目; 审计

- to make an official examination of the accounts of a business and produce a report


balance (V.) (帐目) 使收支平衡; 达成收支平衡

- to arrange a system that relates to money so that theamount of money spent is not more than the amount received

e.g. Stringent measures were taken to balance the budget.

紧缩银根的措施被实施用来平衡预算

e.g. If the business looses any more money, we will not make it to balance the books this year.

如果企业继续亏损,我们今年将无法达到收支平衡

 

budget (V.) 制定预算; 计划(开支)

- to plan how much money you will spend on something

e.g. An extra $10 million has been budgeted for special education this year.

今年特殊教育的预算增加了1000万美金


* budgetary (adj.) 预算的


manage (V.) 成功做到; 顺利完成(尤其指困难的事)

- to succeed in doing something, especially something difficult

e.g. A small dog managed to survive the fire.

一只小狗在火灾中逃生

 

market (V.) 促销; 推销; 行销

- to make goods available to buyers in a planned way which encourages people to buy more of them, for example by advertising

e.g. Their products are very cleverly marketed.

他们产品的行销方式很巧妙


第05期



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